Graves’ Disease and Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: Are Epstein Barr Virus and Parasites the Cause?

Autoimmune thyroid diseases are the most common of the autoimmune diseases affecting industrialized societies. In addition, research is demonstrating their prevalence to be rising. In an attempt to pursue this phenomenon, today we discuss new literature associating EBV and parasites with Graves’ and Hashimoto’s. In addition, we will discuss other factors which may be associated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease.
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1.The role of Epstein-Barr virus infection in the development of autoimmune thyroid diseases.
Janegova A, Janega P, Rychly B, Kuracinova K, Babal P.
Endokrynol Pol. 2015;66(2):132-6. doi: 10.5603/EP.2015.0020.
PMID: 25931043 [PubMed – in process] Free Article
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2.[Risk factors and pathogenesis of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis].
Paknys G, Kondrotas AJ, Kevelaitis E.
Medicina (Kaunas). 2009;45(7):574-83. Review. Lithuanian.
PMID: 19667753 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article
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3.Thyrotropin Receptor Antibody (TRAb)-IgM Levels Are Markedly Higher Than TRAb-IgG Levels in Graves’ Disease Patients and Controls, and TRAb-IgM Production Is Related to Epstein-Barr Virus Reactivation.
Kumata K, Nagata K, Matsushita M, Kuwamoto S, Kato M, Murakami I, Fukata S, Hayashi K.
Viral Immunol. 2016 Oct;29(8):459-463. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
PMID: 27529807 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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4.Reactivation of persistent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes secretion of thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAbs) in EBV-infected B lymphocytes with TRAbs on their surface.
Nagata K, Nakayama Y, Higaki K, Ochi M, Kanai K, Matsushita M, Kuwamoto S, Kato M, Murakami I, Iwasaki T, Nanba E, Kimura H, Hayashi K.
Autoimmunity. 2015;48(5):328-35. doi: 10.3109/08916934.2015.1022163. Epub 2015 Mar 11.
PMID: 25759125 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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5.Presence of Epstein-Barr virus-infected B lymphocytes with thyrotropin receptor antibodies on their surface in Graves’ disease patients and in healthy individuals.
Nagata K, Higaki K, Nakayama Y, Miyauchi H, Kiritani Y, Kanai K, Matsushita M, Iwasaki T, Sugihara H, Kuwamoto S, Kato M, Murakami I, Nanba E, Kimura H, Hayashi K.
Autoimmunity. 2014 May;47(3):193-200. doi: 10.3109/08916934.2013.879863. Epub 2014 Jan 28. Erratum in: Autoimmunity. 2015;48(7):502.
PMID: 24467196 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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6.CD8+ T-Cell Deficiency, Epstein-Barr Virus Infection, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Steps to Autoimmunity: A Unifying Hypothesis.
Pender MP.
Autoimmune Dis. 2012;2012:189096. doi: 10.1155/2012/189096. Epub 2012 Jan 24.
PMID: 22312480 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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7.Naturally Occurring Subclinical Endotoxemia in Humans Alters Adaptive and Innate Immune Functions through Reduced MAPK and Increased STAT1 Phosphorylation.
Palmer CD, Romero-Tejeda M, Sirignano M, Sharma S, Allen TM, Altfeld M, Jost S.
J Immunol. 2016 Jan 15;196(2):668-77. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1501888. Epub 2015 Dec 7.
PMID: 26643479 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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8.Infections and autoimmune thyroid diseases: parallel detection of antibodies against pathogens with proteomic technology.
Tozzoli R, Barzilai O, Ram M, Villalta D, Bizzaro N, Sherer Y, Shoenfeld Y.
Autoimmun Rev. 2008 Dec;8(2):112-5. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2008.07.013.
PMID: 18700170 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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9.Association of active human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) infection with autoimmune thyroid gland diseases.
Sultanova A, Cistjakovs M, Gravelsina S, Chapenko S, Roga S, Cunskis E, Nora-Krukle Z, Groma V, Ventina I, Murovska M.
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2016 Sep 29. pii: S1198-743X(16)30429-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2016.09.023.
PMID: 27693656 [PubMed]
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10.Increase in Peripheral CD3-CD56brightCD16- Natural Killer Cells in Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Associated with HHV-6 Infection.
Rizzo R, Zatelli MC, Rotola A, Cassai E, Degli Uberti E, Di Luca D, Caselli E.
Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;897:113-20. doi: 10.1007/5584_2015_5010.
PMID: 26566646 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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11.Virologic and immunologic evidence supporting an association between HHV-6 and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Caselli E, Zatelli MC, Rizzo R, Benedetti S, Martorelli D, Trasforini G, Cassai E, degli Uberti EC, Di Luca D, Dolcetti R.
PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(10):e1002951. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002951. Epub 2012 Oct 4.
PMID: 23055929 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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12.Production of thyrotropin receptor antibodies in acute phase of infectious mononucleosis due to Epstein-Barr virus primary infection: a case report of a child.
Nagata K, Okuno K, Ochi M, Kumata K, Sano H, Yoneda N, Ueyama J, Matsushita M, Kuwamoto S, Kato M, Murakami I, Kanzaki S, Hayashi K.
Springerplus. 2015 Aug 27;4:456. doi: 10.1186/s40064-015-1236-8. eCollection 2015.
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One Comment

  1. Valerie J Lutes

    Thanks for reading the research, sharing it with the public and putting your cutting edge programs into practice. I live in Nova Scotia and have been living with a very degraded level of health for several years. I look forward to continuing to educate myself via your website and YouTube offerings and plan to seek your professional help when the timing permits. Best Wishes to both of you!

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