The Truth About Sugar, the Glycemic Index, and Determining if Your Diet is Insulinogenic

Today we are talking about sugar. We have had requests to talk about this, and in practice we see that our patients are often confused about “good vs bad” forms of carbohydrates. Today we will discuss how sugar is processed in the body.  We will also discuss the glycemic index, which has been used to illustrate how much available sugar is in a food such as an apple, and how this is now being supplanted by something termed the insulin index.

Please enjoy, and send us your questions. Please forward us any questions here on our website or go to our Power Health Facebook page
1.Serum Chemerin Concentrations Associate with Beta-Cell Function, but Not with Insulin Resistance in Individuals with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).
Hatziagelaki E, Herder C, Tsiavou A, Teichert T, Chounta A, Nowotny P, Pacini G, Dimitriadis G, Roden M.
PLoS One. 2015 May 1;10(5):e0124935. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124935. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 25933030 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
Related citations
2.The Insulin Resistance but Not the Insulin Secretion Parameters Have Changed in the Korean Population during the Last Decade.
Yang HK, Lee JH, Choi IY, Kwon HS, Shin JA, Jeong SH, Lee SH, Cho JH, Son HY, Yoon KH.
Diabetes Metab J. 2015 Apr;39(2):117-25. doi: 10.4093/dmj.2015.39.2.117. Epub 2015 Apr 20.
PMID: 25922805 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations
3.Effect of vitamin D supplementation on insulin kinetics and cardiovascular risk factors in polycystic ovarian syndrome: a pilot study.
Garg G, Kachhawa G, Ramot R, Khadgawat R, Tandon N, Sreenivas V, Kriplani A, Gupta N.
Endocr Connect. 2015 Jun;4(2):108-16. doi: 10.1530/EC-15-0001.
PMID: 25921345 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations
4.Association of oxidative stress biomarkers with gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women: a case-control study.
Zhu C, Yang H, Geng Q, Ma Q, Long Y, Zhou C, Chen M.
PLoS One. 2015 Apr 27;10(4):e0126490. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126490. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 25915047 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
Related citations
5.Significance of Oral Glucose Tolerance Tests in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Patients with a Fasting Plasma Glucose Level of <126 mg/dL and HbA1c Level of ?6.4% in Japan.
Matsumoto N, Arase Y, Kawamura Y, Ohmoto-Sekine M, Amakawa K, Ogawa K, Tsuji H, Dong HS, Hara S, Akuta N, Suzuki F, Suzuki Y, Ikeda K, Kumada H, Kobayashi T.
Intern Med. 2015;54(8):875-80. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.54.3437. Epub 2015 Apr 15.
PMID: 25876566 [PubMed – in process] Free Article
Related citations
6.A Single 60?mg Dose of Denosumab Might Improve Hepatic Insulin Sensitivity in Postmenopausal Nondiabetic Severe Osteoporotic Women.
Passeri E, Benedini S, Costa E, Corbetta S.
Int J Endocrinol. 2015;2015:352858. doi: 10.1155/2015/352858. Epub 2015 Mar 19.
PMID: 25873952 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations
7.Effects of Unfermented and Fermented Whole Grain Rye Crisp Breads Served as Part of a Standardized Breakfast, on Appetite and Postprandial Glucose and Insulin Responses: A Randomized Cross-over Trial.
Johansson DP, Lee I, Risérus U, Langton M, Landberg R.
PLoS One. 2015 Mar 31;10(3):e0122241. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122241. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 25826373 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
Related citations
8.Fasting serum levels of ferritin are associated with impaired pancreatic beta cell function and decreased insulin sensitivity: a population-based study.
Bonfils L, Ellervik C, Friedrich N, Linneberg A, Sandholt CH, Jørgensen ME, Jørgensen T, Hansen T, Pedersen O, Allin KH.
Diabetologia. 2015 Mar;58(3):523-33. doi: 10.1007/s00125-014-3469-4. Epub 2014 Dec 14.
PMID: 25501261 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
9.Active and passive exposure to tobacco smoke in relation to insulin sensitivity and pancreatic ?-cell function in Japanese subjects.
Oba S, Suzuki E, Yamamoto M, Horikawa Y, Nagata C, Takeda J; Gifu Diabetes Study Group.
Diabetes Metab. 2015 Apr;41(2):160-7. doi: 10.1016/j.diabet.2014.09.002. Epub 2014 Oct 22.
PMID: 25451187 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
10.Relationship and factors responsible for regulating fasting and post-challenge plasma glucose levels in the early stage development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Aoyama-Sasabe S, Xin X, Taniguchi A, Nakai Y, Mitsui R, Tsuji H, Yabe D, Yasuda K, Kurose T, Inagaki N, Seino Y, Fukushima M.
J Diabetes Investig. 2014 Nov;5(6):663-70. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12239. Epub 2014 May 12.
PMID: 25422766 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations
11.Practical Application of Antidiabetic Efficacy of Lycium barbarum Polysaccharide in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
Cai H, Liu F, Zuo P, Huang G, Song Z, Wang T, Lu H, Guo F, Han C, Sun G.
Med Chem. 2015;11(4):383-90.
PMID: 25381995 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
12.Effect of body mass index on insulin secretion or sensitivity and diabetes.
Tatsumi Y, Morimoto A, Miyamatsu N, Noda M, Ohno Y, Deura K.
Am J Prev Med. 2015 Feb;48(2):128-35. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.09.009. Epub 2014 Nov 10.
PMID: 25442224 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
13.The relationship between serum calcium level and early-phase insulin secretion in normoglycemic and pre-diabetic individuals.
Shimodaira M, Niwa T, Nakajima K, Kobayashi M, Hanyu N, Nakayama T.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2015 Mar;123(3):165-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1394382. Epub 2014 Oct 24.
PMID: 25343267 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
14.[Relationship between serum levels of C-reactive protein and alpha1-antitrypsin and insulin resistance in obese women].
Ramírez Alvarado MM, Sánchez Roitz C.
Invest Clin. 2014 Sep;55(3):249-59. Spanish.
PMID: 25272524 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations
15.Positive association of free triiodothyronine with pancreatic ?-cell function in people with prediabetes.
Oda T, Taneichi H, Takahashi K, Togashi H, Hangai M, Nakagawa R, Ono M, Matsui M, Sasai T, Nagasawa K, Honma H, Kajiwara T, Takahashi Y, Takebe N, Ishigaki Y, Satoh J.
Diabet Med. 2015 Feb;32(2):213-9. doi: 10.1111/dme.12589. Epub 2014 Oct 18.
PMID: 25255697 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
16.Impact of serum triglyceride and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels on early-phase insulin secretion in normoglycemic and prediabetic subjects.
Shimodaira M, Niwa T, Nakajima K, Kobayashi M, Hanyu N, Nakayama T.
Diabetes Metab J. 2014 Aug;38(4):294-301. doi: 10.4093/dmj.2014.38.4.294. Epub 2014 Aug 20.
PMID: 25215276 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations
17.Effect of resveratrol administration on metabolic syndrome, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion.
Méndez-del Villar M, González-Ortiz M, Martínez-Abundis E, Pérez-Rubio KG, Lizárraga-Valdez R.
Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2014 Dec;12(10):497-501. doi: 10.1089/met.2014.0082. Epub 2014 Aug 19.
PMID: 25137036 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
18.Impaired incretin secretion and pancreatic dysfunction with older age and diabetes.
Geloneze B, de Oliveira Mda S, Vasques AC, Novaes FS, Pareja JC, Tambascia MA.
Metabolism. 2014 Jul;63(7):922-9. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2014.04.004. Epub 2014 Apr 12.
PMID: 24854384 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations
19.Effect of chicken, fat and vegetable on glycaemia and insulinaemia to a white rice-based meal in healthy adults.
Sun L, Ranawana DV, Leow MK, Henry CJ.
Eur J Nutr. 2014 Dec;53(8):1719-26. doi: 10.1007/s00394-014-0678-z. Epub 2014 May 10.
PMID: 24817596 [PubMed – in process]
Related citations
20.Serum triglyceride levels correlated with the rate of change in insulin secretion over two years in prediabetic subjects.
Shimodaira M, Niwa T, Nakajima K, Kobayashi M, Hanyu N, Nakayama T.
Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;64(1):38-43. doi: 10.1159/000360012. Epub 2014 Apr 9.
PMID: 24732283 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Related citations
21.Liver fat accumulation is associated with reduced hepatic insulin extraction and beta cell dysfunction in healthy older individuals.
Finucane FM, Sharp SJ, Hatunic M, Sleigh A, De Lucia Rolfe E, Aihie Sayer A, Cooper C, Griffin SJ, Wareham NJ.
Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2014 Mar 26;6(1):43. doi: 10.1186/1758-5996-6-43.
PMID: 24669786 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
Related citations

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *