Multiple Sclerosis: are probiotics, diet, and the intestinal barrier the new frontier in M.S. therapy?

Multiple Sclerosis can be a disabling disease, and though there are medications which can decrease the number of relapses and improve quality of life to a certain degree, there is no cure for the disease.  Scientists are constantly looking to what causes M.S., and new research is bringing focus back to the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, diet, and how well the contents of our intestines are separated from the blood stream.  Please enjoy our broadcast.
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1.Dysbiosis in the Gut Microbiota of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis, with a Striking Depletion of Species Belonging to Clostridia XIVa and IV Clusters.
Miyake S, Kim S, Suda W, Oshima K, Nakamura M, Matsuoka T, Chihara N, Tomita A, Sato W, Kim SW, Morita H, Hattori M, Yamamura T.
PLoS One. 2015 Sep 14;10(9):e0137429. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137429. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 26367776 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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2.Biomarkers in multiple sclerosis.
Housley WJ, Pitt D, Hafler DA.
Clin Immunol. 2015 Jul 2. pii: S1521-6616(15)00219-3. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2015.06.015. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26143623 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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3.[Multiple sclerosis and microbiota : From genome to metagenome?].
Hohlfeld R, Wekerle H.
Nervenarzt. 2015 Aug;86(8):925-33. doi: 10.1007/s00115-014-4248-7. German.
PMID: 26099498 [PubMed – in process]
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4.The gut microbiome in multiple sclerosis.
Mielcarz DW, Kasper LH.
Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2015 Apr;17(4):344. doi: 10.1007/s11940-015-0344-7.
PMID: 25843302 [PubMed]
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5.Gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis: possible influence of immunomodulators.
Cantarel BL, Waubant E, Chehoud C, Kuczynski J, DeSantis TZ, Warrington J, Venkatesan A, Fraser CM, Mowry EM.
J Investig Med. 2015 Jun;63(5):729-34. doi: 10.1097/JIM.0000000000000192.
PMID: 25775034 [PubMed – in process]
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6.Intestinal microbiota as modulators of the immune system and neuroimmune system: impact on the host health and homeostasis.
Maranduba CM, De Castro SB, de Souza GT, Rossato C, da Guia FC, Valente MA, Rettore JV, Maranduba CP, de Souza CM, do Carmo AM, Macedo GC, Silva Fde S.
J Immunol Res. 2015;2015:931574. doi: 10.1155/2015/931574. Epub 2015 Feb 22. Review.
PMID: 25759850 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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7.Impact of dietary deviation on disease progression and gut microbiome composition in lupus-prone SNF1 mice.
Johnson BM, Gaudreau MC, Al-Gadban MM, Gudi R, Vasu C.
Clin Exp Immunol. 2015 Aug;181(2):323-37. doi: 10.1111/cei.12609.
PMID: 25703185 [PubMed – in process]
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8.Human Microbiome: When a Friend Becomes an Enemy.
Muszer M, Noszczy?ska M, Kasperkiewicz K, Skurnik M.
Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2015 Aug;63(4):287-98. doi: 10.1007/s00005-015-0332-3. Epub 2015 Feb 15.
PMID: 25682593 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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9.Fecal microbiota transplantation broadening its application beyond intestinal disorders.
Xu MQ, Cao HL, Wang WQ, Wang S, Cao XC, Yan F, Wang BM.
World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Jan 7;21(1):102-11. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i1.102. Review.
PMID: 25574083 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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10.The intestinal microbiota: its role in health and disease.
Biedermann L, Rogler G.
Eur J Pediatr. 2015 Feb;174(2):151-67. doi: 10.1007/s00431-014-2476-2. Epub 2015 Jan 7.
PMID: 25563215 [PubMed – in process]
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11.Bacterial lipodipeptide, Lipid 654, is a microbiome-associated biomarker for multiple sclerosis.
Farrokhi V, Nemati R, Nichols FC, Yao X, Anstadt E, Fujiwara M, Grady J, Wakefield D, Castro W, Donaldson J, Clark RB.
Clin Transl Immunology. 2013 Nov 15;2(11):e8. doi: 10.1038/cti.2013.11. eCollection 2013 Nov.
PMID: 25505950 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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12.The gut microbiome and the brain.
Galland L.
J Med Food. 2014 Dec;17(12):1261-72. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2014.7000. Review.
PMID: 25402818 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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13.Gut microbiome and multiple sclerosis.
Bhargava P, Mowry EM.
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2014 Oct;14(10):492. doi: 10.1007/s11910-014-0492-2. Review.
PMID: 25204849 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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14.Gut commensalism, cytokines, and central nervous system demyelination.
Telesford K, Ochoa-Repáraz J, Kasper LH.
J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2014 Aug;34(8):605-14. doi: 10.1089/jir.2013.0134. Review.
PMID: 25084177 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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15.Intestinal barrier dysfunction develops at the onset of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, and can be induced by adoptive transfer of auto-reactive T cells.
Nouri M, Bredberg A, Weström B, Lavasani S.
PLoS One. 2014 Sep 3;9(9):e106335. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106335. eCollection 2014.
PMID: 25184418 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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