Microbes and Autism: Rebuttal to Wall Street Journal Letter to the Editor

Today we will be discussing scientific literature examining alterations in gastrointestinal bacteria for those with Autism Spectrum Disorders versus normal individuals.  This was prompted by a Wall Street Journal article examining the powerful effects of gastrointestinal microbes on systemic diseases and health.  This article received a letter to the editor refuting the relationship between gastrointestinal bacteria especially in its relation to autism.  In today’s broadcast we are citing several scientific journal articles that are demonstrating a microbial link to autism.
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References:
1. Intestinal Dysbiosis and Yeast Isolation in Stool of Subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Iovene MR, Bombace F, Maresca R, Sapone A, Iardino P, Picardi A, Marotta R, Schiraldi C, Siniscalco D, Serra N, de Magistris L, Bravaccio C.
Mycopathologia. 2016 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 27655151 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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2. Mood disorders and non celiac gluten sensitivity.
Casella G, Pozzi R, Cicognetti M, Bachetti F, Torti G, Cadei M, Villanacci V, Baldini V, Bassotti G.
Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2016 Sep 20. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 27647538 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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3. Gut Instincts: microbiota as a key regulator of brain development, ageing and neurodegeneration.
Dinan TG, Cryan JF.
J Physiol. 2016 Sep 19. doi: 10.1113/JP273106. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 27641441 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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4. Dietary interventions that reduce mTOR activity rescue autistic-like behavioral deficits in mice.
Wu J, de Theije CG, Lopes da Silva S, Abbring S, van der Horst H, Broersen LM, Willemsen L, Kas MJ, Garssen J, Kraneveld AD.
Brain Behav Immun. 2016 Sep 15. pii: S0889-1591(16)30425-1. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2016.09.016. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 27640900 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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5. A preliminary investigation on the relationship between gut microbiota and gene expressions in peripheral mononuclear cells of infants with autism spectrum disorders.
Inoue R, Sakaue Y, Sawai C, Sawai T, Ozeki M, Romero-Pérez GA, Tsukahara T.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2016 Sep 1:1-9. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 27581276 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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6. Ketogenic diet modifies the gut microbiota in a murine model of autism spectrum disorder.
Newell C, Bomhof MR, Reimer RA, Hittel DS, Rho JM, Shearer J.
Mol Autism. 2016 Sep 1;7(1):37. doi: 10.1186/s13229-016-0099-3. eCollection 2016.
PMID: 27594980 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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7. The Gut Speaks: Reframing the Role of Pediatric Gastroenterologists Caring for Children With Autism and Gastrointestinal Symptoms.
Lightdale JR.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 Sep;63(3):313-4. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001319. No abstract available.
PMID: 27548246 [PubMed – in process]
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8. Bifidobacteria and Butyrate-Producing Colon Bacteria: Importance and Strategies for Their Stimulation in the Human Gut.
Rivière A, Selak M, Lantin D, Leroy F, De Vuyst L.
Front Microbiol. 2016 Jun 28;7:979. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00979. eCollection 2016. Review.
PMID: 27446020 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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9. The bowel and beyond: the enteric nervous system in neurological disorders.
Rao M, Gershon MD.
Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Sep;13(9):517-28. doi: 10.1038/nrgastro.2016.107. Epub 2016 Jul 20. Review.
PMID: 27435372 [PubMed – in process]
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10. The Brain-Gut-Microbiome Axis: What Role Does It Play in Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Luna RA, Savidge TC, Williams KC.
Curr Dev Disord Rep. 2016 Mar;3(1):75-81. Epub 2016 Feb 26.
PMID: 27398286 [PubMed]
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11. [Autism and Autism-associated Metabolites].
Watanabe K.
Brain Nerve. 2016 Jun;68(6):623-31. doi: 10.11477/mf.1416200452. Japanese.
PMID: 27279160 [PubMed – in process]
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12. Gut to brain interaction in Autism Spectrum Disorders: a randomized controlled trial on the role of probiotics on clinical, biochemical and neurophysiological parameters.
Santocchi E, Guiducci L, Fulceri F, Billeci L, Buzzigoli E, Apicella F, Calderoni S, Grossi E, Morales MA, Muratori F.
BMC Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 4;16:183. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0887-5.
PMID: 27260271 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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13. Urinary 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxypropionic Acid, 3-Hydroxyphenylacetic Acid, and 3-Hydroxyhippuric Acid Are Elevated in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Xiong X, Liu D, Wang Y, Zeng T, Peng Y.
Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:9485412. doi: 10.1155/2016/9485412. Epub 2016 Mar 30.
PMID: 27123458 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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14. The microbiota-gut-brain axis and its potential therapeutic role in autism spectrum disorder.
Li Q, Zhou JM.
Neuroscience. 2016 Jun 2;324:131-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.03.013. Epub 2016 Mar 8. Review.
PMID: 26964681 [PubMed – in process]
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15. Regulation of prefrontal cortex myelination by the microbiota.
Hoban AE, Stilling RM, Ryan FJ, Shanahan F, Dinan TG, Claesson MJ, Clarke G, Cryan JF.
Transl Psychiatry. 2016 Apr 5;6:e774. doi: 10.1038/tp.2016.42.
PMID: 27045844 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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16. Evaluation of Intestinal Function in Children With Autism and Gastrointestinal Symptoms.
Kushak RI, Buie TM, Murray KF, Newburg DS, Chen C, Nestoridi E, Winter HS.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016 May;62(5):687-91. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001174.
PMID: 26913756 [PubMed – in process]
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17. Gut microbiota in autism and mood disorders.
Mangiola F, Ianiro G, Franceschi F, Fagiuoli S, Gasbarrini G, Gasbarrini A.
World J Gastroenterol. 2016 Jan 7;22(1):361-8. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i1.361. Review.
PMID: 26755882 [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article
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18. Pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders: revisiting gastrointestinal involvement and immune imbalance.
Samsam M, Ahangari R, Naser SA.
World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Aug 7;20(29):9942-51. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i29.9942. Review.
PMID: 25110424 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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19. Gastrointestinal symptoms and behavioral problems in preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Fulceri F, Morelli M, Santocchi E, Cena H, Del Bianco T, Narzisi A, Calderoni S, Muratori F.
Dig Liver Dis. 2016 Mar;48(3):248-54. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2015.11.026. Epub 2015 Dec 11.
PMID: 26748423 [PubMed – in process]
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20. Autism spectrum disorders and intestinal microbiota.
De Angelis M, Francavilla R, Piccolo M, De Giacomo A, Gobbetti M.
Gut Microbes. 2015;6(3):207-13. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2015.1035855. Review.
PMID: 25835343 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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