PHT Live – Concussions and Post Concussion Syndrome

To Watch Live Hangout hit the play button we will be starting around 10am PST 8-5-14
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As the NFL and collegiate football seasons approach, the topic of concussion has resurfaced.  Greater attention is now being placed on what these head injuries do to our young athletes, and how we can manage these better going forward.  Today’s broadcast will discuss these topics but also much attention will be dedicated to the long term effects of what is termed the post concussion syndrome.
Please tune in and enjoy.  Please forward us any questions here on our website or go to our Power Health Facebook page


1.114?Risk factors for post-concussion syndrome in an exclusively sport-related concussion group: case control study.
Morgan CD, Zuckerman SL, Min Lee Y, Solomon G, Sills AK.
Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug;61 Suppl 1:196. doi: 10.1227/01.neu.0000452388.23919.88.
PMID: 25032565 [PubMed – in process]
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2.A double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention trial of 3 and 10 mg sublingual melatonin for post-concussion syndrome in youths (PLAYGAME): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Barlow KM, Brooks BL, MacMaster FP, Kirton A, Seeger T, Esser M, Crawford S, Nettel-Aguirre A, Zemek R, Angelo M, Kirk V, Emery CA, Johnson D, Hill MD, Buchhalter J, Turley B, Richer L, Platt R, Hutchison J, Dewey D.
Trials. 2014 Jul 7;15(1):271. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 25001947 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher] Free Article
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3.Acute concussion symptom severity and delayed symptom resolution.
Grubenhoff JA, Deakyne SJ, Brou L, Bajaj L, Comstock RD, Kirkwood MW.
Pediatrics. 2014 Jul;134(1):54-62. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2988.
PMID: 24958583 [PubMed – in process]
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4.S-100? does not predict outcome after mild traumatic brain injury.
Ryb GE, Dischinger PC, Auman KM, Kufera JA, Cooper CC, Mackenzie CF, Kane RL.
Brain Inj. 2014 Jun 9:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 24911665 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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5.Duration and course of post-concussive symptoms.
Eisenberg MA, Meehan WP 3rd, Mannix R.
Pediatrics. 2014 Jun;133(6):999-1006. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-0158. Epub 2014 May 12.
PMID: 24819569 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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6.Nonsurgical interventions after mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review. Results of the International Collaboration on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis.
Nygren-de Boussard C, Holm LW, Cancelliere C, Godbolt AK, Boyle E, Stålnacke BM, Hincapié CA, Cassidy JD, Borg J.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Mar;95(3 Suppl):S257-64. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.10.009. Review.
PMID: 24581911 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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7.Chronic traumatic encephalopathy and other neurodegenerative proteinopathies.
Tartaglia MC, Hazrati LN, Davis KD, Green RE, Wennberg R, Mikulis D, Ezerins LJ, Keightley M, Tator C.
Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Jan 31;8:30. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00030. eCollection 2014.
PMID: 24550810 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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8.Hyperbaric oxygen therapy can improve post concussion syndrome years after mild traumatic brain injury – randomized prospective trial.
Boussi-Gross R, Golan H, Fishlev G, Bechor Y, Volkov O, Bergan J, Friedman M, Hoofien D, Shlamkovitch N, Ben-Jacob E, Efrati S.
PLoS One. 2013 Nov 15;8(11):e79995. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079995. eCollection 2013.
PMID: 24260334 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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9.[Traumatic brain injury and anterior pituitary dysfunction. Regarding 33 cases: Evolution profile over a six-month period].
Sanoussi S, Ali A, Laouali H, Assoumane I, Chaibou Maman S, Baoua M.
Neurochirurgie. 2013 Aug-Oct;59(4-5):178-82. doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2013.08.004. Epub 2013 Oct 30. French.
PMID: 24183189 [PubMed – in process]
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10.Postconcussive symptom exaggeration after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury.
Kirkwood MW, Peterson RL, Connery AK, Baker DA, Grubenhoff JA.
Pediatrics. 2014 Apr;133(4):643-50. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3195. Epub 2014 Mar 10.
PMID: 24616360 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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11.Health service and medication use among veterans with persistent postconcussive symptoms.
King PR, Wade MJ, Beehler GP.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2014 Mar;202(3):231-8. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000103.
PMID: 24566509 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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12.Hyperbaric oxygen for blast-related postconcussion syndrome: three-month outcomes.
Cifu DX, Walker WC, West SL, Hart BB, Franke LM, Sima A, Graham CW, Carne W.
Ann Neurol. 2014 Feb;75(2):277-86. doi: 10.1002/ana.24067. Epub 2014 Feb 20.
PMID: 24255008 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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13.Posttraumatic vertigo and dizziness.
Fife TD, Giza C.
Semin Neurol. 2013 Jul;33(3):238-43. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1354599. Epub 2013 Sep 21. Review.
PMID: 24057827 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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14.The effect of recommending cognitive rest on recovery from sport-related concussion.
Gibson S, Nigrovic LE, O’Brien M, Meehan WP 3rd.
Brain Inj. 2013;27(7-8):839-42. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2013.775494. Epub 2013 Jun 12.
PMID: 23758286 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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15.Enzogenol for cognitive functioning in traumatic brain injury: a pilot placebo-controlled RCT.
Theadom A, Mahon S, Barker-Collo S, McPherson K, Rush E, Vandal AC, Feigin VL.
Eur J Neurol. 2013 Aug;20(8):1135-44. doi: 10.1111/ene.12099. Epub 2013 Feb 5.
PMID: 23384428 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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16.Postconcussion syndrome: a review of pathophysiology and potential nonpharmacological approaches to treatment.
Maroon JC, Lepere DB, Blaylock RL, Bost JW.
Phys Sportsmed. 2012 Nov;40(4):73-87. doi: 10.3810/psm.2012.11.1990. Review. Erratum in: Phys Sportsmed. 2013 Nov;41(4):106.
PMID: 23306417 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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17.Second impact syndrome in football: new imaging and insights into a rare and devastating condition.
Weinstein E, Turner M, Kuzma BB, Feuer H.
J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Mar;11(3):331-4. doi: 10.3171/2012.11.PEDS12343. Epub 2013 Jan 1.
PMID: 23277914 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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18.Predicting postconcussion syndrome after mild traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents who present to the emergency department.
Babcock L, Byczkowski T, Wade SL, Ho M, Mookerjee S, Bazarian JJ.
JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Feb;167(2):156-61. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.434.
PMID: 23247384 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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19.Rehabilitation of Concussion and Post-concussion Syndrome.
Leddy JJ, Sandhu H, Sodhi V, Baker JG, Willer B.
Sports Health. 2012 Mar;4(2):147-54.
PMID: 23016082 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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20.The molecular pathophysiology of concussive brain injury.
Barkhoudarian G, Hovda DA, Giza CC.
Clin Sports Med. 2011 Jan;30(1):33-48, vii-iii. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2010.09.001. Review.
PMID: 21074080 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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21.Temporal window of metabolic brain vulnerability to concussions: mitochondrial-related impairment–part I.
Vagnozzi R, Tavazzi B, Signoretti S, Amorini AM, Belli A, Cimatti M, Delfini R, Di Pietro V, Finocchiaro A, Lazzarino G.
Neurosurgery. 2007 Aug;61(2):379-88; discussion 388-9.
PMID: 17762751 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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22.Experimental cerebral concussion. Part 1: An electron microscopic study.
Bakay L, Lee JC, Lee GC, Peng JR.
J Neurosurg. 1977 Oct;47(4):525-31.
PMID: 903805 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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23.Diminished brain resilience syndrome: A modern day neurological pathology of increased susceptibility to mild brain trauma, concussion, and downstream neurodegeneration.
Morley WA, Seneff S.
Surg Neurol Int. 2014 Jun 18;5:97. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.134731. eCollection 2014. Review.
PMID: 25024897 [PubMed] Free PMC Article
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24.Outcomes, utility, and feasibility of single task and dual task intervention programs: Preliminary implications for post-concussion rehabilitation.
Ingriselli JM, Register-Mihalik JK, Schmidt JD, Mihalik JP, Goerger BM, Guskiewicz KM.
J Sci Med Sport. 2013 Nov 28. pii: S1440-2440(13)00507-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.11.006. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 24373772 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
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25.Normative data for the modified balance error scoring system in adults.
Iverson GL, Koehle MS.
Brain Inj. 2013;27(5):596-9. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2013.772237. Epub 2013 Mar 8.
PMID: 23473405 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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26.Previous mild traumatic brain injury and postural-control dynamics.
Sosnoff JJ, Broglio SP, Shin S, Ferrara MS.
J Athl Train. 2011 Jan-Feb;46(1):85-91. doi: 10.4085/1062-6050-46.1.85.
PMID: 21214355 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article
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27.The acute symptoms of sport-related concussion: diagnosis and on-field management.
Putukian M.
Clin Sports Med. 2011 Jan;30(1):49-61, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2010.09.005. Review.
PMID: 21074081 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
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28.Impaired eye movements in post-concussion syndrome indicate suboptimal brain function beyond the influence of depression, malingering or intellectual ability.
Heitger MH, Jones RD, Macleod AD, Snell DL, Frampton CM, Anderson TJ.
Brain. 2009 Oct;132(Pt 10):2850-70. doi: 10.1093/brain/awp181. Epub 2009 Jul 16.
PMID: 19617197 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free Article
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